Beaune

A parliament seat in the middle ages and residence of the Dukes of Burgundy until the fourteenth century, Beaune, located in the heart of the vineyard, is now the capital of Burgundy wines and also a charming city of art and history. With its rich historical and architectural heritage, this city is known for its Hôtel Dieu, its Collegiate Church of Notre Dame, but it is also well known for its wines and its famous wine auction on the third Sunday of November.
L'Hôtel Dieu (old hospital), the Collegiate Church of Notre Dame, the ramparts
A parliament seat in the middle ages and residence of the Dukes of Burgundy until the fourteenth century, Beaune, located in the heart of the vineyard, is now the capital of Burgundy wines and also a charming city of art and history.
With its rich historical and architectural heritage, this city is known for its Hôtel Dieu, its Collegiate Church of Notre Dame, but it is also well known for its wines and its famous wine auction on the third Sunday of November.


L'Hôtel Dieu


A jewel of the city of Beaune, the Hôtel Dieu will surprise you with its impressive architecture, its history, its collections of material (5000 objects) and its famous Polyptych of the Last Judgment by Rogier van der Weyden.

It was built in 1443 by the couple Nicolas Rolin (chancellor of Philip the Good) and Guigone de Salins during a tragic episode of famine and plague. This medieval building housed the sick, until 1971, when a modern hospital was built.
This is the unforgettable, emblematic monument of the city of Beaune.
Colored glazed tile roof

Inside, you can visit:

- The "Room of the Poors" where patients were treated. This immense room (50 meters long, 14 meters wide and 16 meters high) has 28 beds in columns with red curtains and a specific architecture: arch made from the overturned hull of a ship, multicoloured sea monsters representing Hell, tiles marked with the initials of Nicolas Rolin and Guigone de Salins and the motto "Seulle" reflecting the great devotion of the chancellor of Philip the Good to his wife.
- The Chapel where the offices took place. Its location at the back of the Room of the Poors allowed patients to attend religious services without having to move.
- The St. Anne room reserved for noble patients
- The St. Hugues room featuring paintings by Isaac Moillon showing the nine works of Christ.
- The Saint-Nicolas Room : the former infirmary of patients in danger of death
- The kitchen with its huge dual-hearth Gothic fireplace and rotative kitchen spit.
- The pharmacy and the dispensary room
- The polyptych room and its famous painting of the Last Judgment, a true masterpiece of Flemish art by Rogier van der Weyden.
- The St. Louis room hosting the Tapestries of Tournai (from the early sixteenth century) and Brussels (from the late sixteenth century).


La Collégiale Notre-Dame de Beaune


Built in the twelth century, this "daughter of Cluny" is one of the last great roman churches in Burgundy. To this day, it still retains an incredible stylistic unity. A collection of tapestries recounting the events of the Virgin Mary's life is exhibited.

Its construction began in 1120 and was completed around a century later.
It is called "daughter of Cluny" because it was undertaken according to the Cluniac model and was inspired by the Saint-Lazare cathedral in Autun.
It is one of the last great roman churches in Burgundy.
Since 1840, the collegiate has been listed as an historical monument, and its presbytery since 1926.
It's possible to visit the transept, a part of the thirteenth century cloister and the chapter house.
The high altar contains the tapestries "of the Virgin Mary," which mark the transition of art from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. Nineteen pictures of woven wool and silk depict the Virgin Mary's life.


The Ramparts


The actual ramparts of Beaune were built in the seventeenth century and the eight bastions in the fifteenth century. In the past they were used as defensive outer walls. You go round the ramparts (2 km) and enjoy the diverse landscape of the city of Beaune : the city centre, the periphery, the vineyard and the Montagne de Beaune.


Beaune
Beaune

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